Attack (Ranged)

You fire a missile weapon (such as a bow) on a target that is within 60 squares of you. Alternatively, you throw a weapon (such as a spear) at a target within 12 squares of you. In either case, make an Easy (2+) Fighting test against the target. If you succeed, the target takes mundane damage equal to your result.

Shooting at Long Range: When you make a ranged attack, you have disadvantage on the Fighting test if the target is more than 12 squares away from you (not usually possible with a thrown weapon).

Shooting in Close Combat: When you fire a missile weapon to make a ranged attack, you have disadvantage on the Fighting test if you are adjacent to a hostile creature that can see you and that isn't incapacitated. This rule doesn't apply when you throw a weapon.

So Where Is My Arrow Now? Once you have made a ranged attack, the GM decides where your projectile ultimately ends up (resting near the target's feet, buried in the target's face, and so on).

The rules often use the word "adjacent" to convey close proximity. An object, creature, or area of effect is considered to be adjacent to you when it is within 1 square of you.

Basic attacks are always Easy (2+). The target number can be greater for an unusual attack that would be unlikely to succeed, or for an attack that mimics the effects of a feat you don't have.